Table of Contents
Knowing what to do in the event of an emergency can go a long way. It is also important that each family member is aware as well, even persons with disabilities. This way, the entire family can coordinate with each other in response to such emergencies and are aware of what they need to do.
- Make sure all emergency items are organized into one place, such as a kit, that is easy to find and carry.
- Complete a checklist and personal assessment sheet and keep a copy in the emergency kit(s).
- List all food/drug allergies and current medications, if any (for each medication, specify the medical condition being treated, the generic name, dosage, frequency, and the name and contact information of the prescribing physician). Be sure to keep copies in the emergency kit(s).
- Learn your community/area’s evacuation routes and centers. It also wouldn’t hurt to plan and talk about where your family will regroup when evacuations occur (one near your home, and another near the evacuation center).
- In the event that a disaster strikes in the workplace, it’s best to take note of evacuation routes and centers nearby. Also, having a plan on how to contact other family members is important. Schools can be contacted, and other workplaces.
- Have a list of emergency hotlines and contacts in your person or in emergency kits (there are hotlines available on the website).
- It is best to try to learn first aid and CPR from trainers and/or local Red Cross organizations. This way you can help not only yourself but also your family members and those around you.
Different scenarios can occur during a disaster, one can be safe and evacuated but it’s also possible to get trapped. One should know what to do when either situation occurs and should inform each family member on what to do.
In case of fire:
- Sound the Alarm and call the Fire Brigade.
- Extinguish the Fire only if you are not putting yourself or anyone in danger. DO NOT FIGHT THE FIRE if it is spreading rapidly or blocking your exit. If you do not know how to use the fire equipment, leave the building immediately.
- Assist in evacuation. When evacuating the building, be sure to feel doors for heat before opening them to be sure there is no fire danger on the other side.
- Close room doors and hallway doors to prevent air movements and spread of smoke.
- If there is smoke in the air, stay low to the ground, especially your head, to reduce inhalation exposure. Keep one hand on the wall to prevent disorientation and crawl to the nearest exit.
- Do not panic. Advise everyone that the fire plan is in operation and remain calm.
- Go to your refuge area and await further instructions from emergency personnel.
If an earthquake occurs:
- Finding a cover, (like a table) and staying there until the shaking stops is optimal and use your hands to cover and protect your head (Duck cover and hold).
- Turn off anything that may cause fire.
- Look out for falling objects, safe spots and danger spots.
- When outside, proceed to an open area away from buildings. Stay away from glass and walls as they are prone to collapsing.
- If one finds another person with disabilities having problems, there are 2 possible solutions.
- Assist them to the evacuation area.
- Call for the marshalls or security officers and inform them that there is a person with disabilities in need of assistance.
- If separated from helpers/family members, ask others for help in finding them. It’s best to keep photos of them in your person.
- Follow directions of community officials (Barangays captains, and the like). Immediately evacuate when advised by officials. If time allows it, bring only your essentials and what you are able to carry.
- If available, try to contact a relative or friend from outside the disaster area.
WHEN AT HOME
- Carry a personal item that emits a loud noise to draw attention. (Whistle, cellphone, etc.) It will be incredibly useful when calling for help.
- Stay updated using radios or television if available.
- In the occurrence of a flood, it is best to reach higher ground if going to an evacuation center isn’t an option.
- Check on friends and family members. Make sure they are unharmed or noted of their injuries if any.
- Perform first aid when needed and aware of how to do it. If uncertain of what to do, it’s best to not try anything as it might cause more damage or injuries.
- Tying a broken arm or leg to a long and sturdy object will help to make a temporary splint, which would help support the limb until professional care is available.
- Pressing cloth to a wound will help to stop the bleeding, but take caution since a dirty cloth could lead to infection.
- If possible, check for damages in your home and report it immediately to family members. Turn off appliances and utilities immediately when they are damaged.
- Cooperate with community officials when they instruct and advise you to do something for your own safety.
- Check if radios or televisions are accessible and stay updated as much as possible.
- Injured individuals should be transported to the nearest Hospital for proper medical attention. First aid should have been applied to injured persons that are waiting for available means of transport.